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CBD vs THC: What Are The Difference And Benefits?

what is cbd

In this article you will learn the differences and benefits of THC and CBD. We’ll start off by breaking down just what exactly is CBD and THC. Feel free to skip to the section most relevant to you by clicking a link below:

cbd vs thc

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol is one of the most critical cannabinoids contained in the cannabis plant. It exists both in medical cannabis, as well as agricultural hemp. The cannabinoids are found in several plants naturally. CBD is contained only in a plant known as cannabis. It has a similar chemical formula to THC, however, the atoms are arranged differently. This causes THC to generate psychoactive effect while CBD does not. When you ingest CBD for medical purposes, you will more likely experience a relief of your unwanted discomfort, with little or no noticeable effect on your cognitive abilities.

What Is THC?

THC is the main psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. In other words, THC is the primary agent responsible for creating the ‘high’ associated with recreational cannabis use. This compound works, in part, by mimicking the of 2-AG and anandamide effects. These neurotransmitters are naturally produced through the human body and help to modulate eating and sleeping habits, pain perception, and other bodily countless functions.

how to use cbd

CBD Oil Effects

It appears that CBD oil has few effects when it’s used in appropriate amounts. The most common CBD oil side effects include dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, diarrhea, dry mouth, vomiting, changes in mood and anxiety. In using CBD oil to assist with seizure disorders, depression or anxiety, you should get a product which has low THC and high CBD. When you are using CBD oil to assist in neuropathic pain, you can use a product which has an equal amount for both THC and CBD.

THC Oil Effects


As a substance for psychoactive, THC affects directly your central nervous system (CNS). It affects a massive range of catalyzes and neurotransmitters. Other enzymatic and biochemical activity as well. The CNS is stimulated when the THC activates specific neuroreceptors in the brain. This causes the various physical and emotional reactions that will be explained more specifically further on. This is the only substances which can initiate neurotransmitters. They are substances which mimic chemicals that your brain naturally produces. Being that THC stimulates your brain function teaches scientists that the brain has natural cannabinoid receptors


Cannabinoid receptors are located throughout the brain thus affecting a wide variety of functioning. The most important on the emotional level is the stimulation of the brain’s nucleus accumbens perverting the brain’s natural reward centers. Another is that of the amygdala which controls one’s emotions and fears

Neurophysical Effects of THC

Neurological messages between transmitters and receptors not only control emotions and psychological functioning. It is also how the body controls both volitional and non-volitional functioning. The cerebellum and the basal ganglia control all bodily movement and coordination. These are two of the most abundantly stimulated areas of the brain that are triggered by marijuana. This explains marijuana’s physiological effect causing altered blood


The need to raise the amount of marijuana one smokes or the need to intensify from low grade to high grade is known clinically as tolerance. The brain is efficient. As it recognizes the neuroreceptors that are being stimulated. The neurotransmitters do not emit the chemical signals, your brain resourcefully lowers its chemical output so the total levels are back to normal. The smoker will not feel the high anymore as his brain is now “tolerating” the higher levels of chemicals and he or she is back to feeling normal. The smoker now raises the dose to get the old high back and the cycle continues. The smoker may find switching up in grades effective for a while. Eventually, the brain can cease to produce the chemical altogether, entirely relying on the synthetic version being.


The neurology and neurophysiology of marijuana have been described thus far. There are many physical components of marijuana smoking as well. National Institute on Drug Abuse (2010) reports that marijuana smokers can have many of the same respiratory problems as tobacco smokers. Including, but not limited to, daily cough, phlegm production, more frequent acute chest illness, and a heightened risk of lung infections. They quote research showing evidence that chronic marijuana smokers, who do not smoke tobacco, have more health problems than nonsmokers because of respiratory illnesses.

Pharmacology - "Medical Marijuana"

This last fact is regarding the, seemingly less harmful, effects of marijuana smoking. Even in comparisons with legal drugs like alcohol and nicotine it is most often the very first quoted by proponents of legalizing marijuana for its positive medical advantages. Proponents point to the positive effects of the weed on cancer, Alzheimer’s, glaucoma, and multiple sclerosis. While not scientific, personal experiences of the positive relief of sufferers from chronic illness are quoted as benefits that are claimed to outweigh the negative effects.

THC vs CBD: Top Benefits For Both

Research studies for natural benefits of THC have indicated that it may be useful in helping with side effects of chemotherapy, multiple sclerosis and HIV/AIDS. It has also been shown to relieve spinal injury, tremors, nausea, vomiting, chronic pain, inflammation, and digestive issues.


You can use CBD oil to help ease anxiety. While many who have anxiety disorders are instructed to avoid marijuana because the THC in it can make their conditions worse, CBD may have positive effects. Try using CBD oil that contains little to no THC if you have one of the following disorders:

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • General anxiety disorder
  • Panic disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder


Research suggests CBD can be good for neuropathic and inflammatory pain, while THC is meant to excel with cramp-related and spasticity pain. You can note that high THC doses will exacerbate symptoms of pain. This means that THC consumed in this capacity is supposed to be done in small amounts. You may experience difficulty in managing THC side effects, this will render useless any possible benefits. Some experts suggest that a combination of THC and CBD is the ideal way to approach pain, giving validity to something known as the entourage effect.


CBD can also be used to reduce anxiety. The CBD has an effect that is positive on people who have a social anxiety disorder. After you have been given CBD doses, you will have less discomfort and anxiety when addressing people in public. CBD also promises treatment for depression as it shows effects similar to antidepressants in animal studies.


You can Consume CBD oil to try to get better sleep. One of the side effects of using CBD oil is tiredness and sleepiness. However, this may work in your favor if you have a hard time falling asleep or staying asleep. For the best possible effects, use a product that contains more CBD than THC.

How to use CBD

Choosing a Form of Consumption.

CBD oil commonly has marijuana health benefits without psychoactive effects caused by THC. If you’re hoping to reap the potential health benefits of marijuana without getting high, then CBD oil might be for you. Provided you are living where CBD oil is legalized. Choose from a variety of ways to consume it and to experiment the dosages till you will find the right dose. You can Try to use the CBD oil in naturally relieving pain, reducing anxiety, and improving your well-being overall.

You can use a healthstone and water bong if you already have them.

You can Place a hearthstone also referred to as carbon-stone patty, into your bowl. You then scoop onto the dabber end some CBD oil. You should hold the dabber end over your hearthstone, using a lighter, light the dabber with. This will heat up the dabber so that the oil falls onto the hearthstone and becomes vaporized. Light the bowl and use the water bong normally, by inhaling through the mouthpiece.

You can Consume CBD oil through edibles to enjoy a sweet treat.

There are several edible products which exist for purchase and CBD oil forms part of the ingredient. These are often in the form of gummies or other candies but also come as an edible liquid that you can mix into foods, such as smoothies. If you are living in a state in which CBD is legal, you can go online and select the edibles that sound good to you. Once you have purchased them, ensure you read and follow all the instructions as directed.

You can Squirt CBD oil under your tongue in tincture form for quick absorption.

Tinctures are offered to as liquid extracts which can be bought in legalized states online. You can fill the dropper then place it under your tongue. Squirt your liquid out then allow it to be absorbed. You should not try to carry out this with regular CBD oil. Tinctures are made to be ingested in this way, while regular CBD oil is not.

You can Apply CBD oil topically if you have localized pain.

Look for CBD topical skin creams online if you reside where it’s legal. The total CBD amount in the product will be displayed in the container, therefore you don’t need to measure out the specific dosage. You can use your finger in scooping up the product to apply in the skin area. You should start to feel the effects of the cream after about 15-25 minutes. If you don’t, scoop out a little bit more and rub in onto the area again.

what is cbd

How to use THC

Choosing a Form of Consumption.

Interest in the recreational and medical use of marijuana has resulted in increased interest in the way to best administer the two cannabinoids, CBD and THC.  The two molecules are commonly represented by around 70 percent for the famous cannabinoids found in the plant. The way in which THC and CBD are administered plays a critical role in determining the rate and amount of each molecule that is absorbed by the brain.

Smoking or vaporizing Marijuana THC is the most preferred way.

Smoking is the most popular route of cannabis administration for the past few thousand years. It provides a rapid and efficient method of drug delivery from the lungs to the brain. The rapid entry of any drug into the brain is directly related to the amount of euphoria produced by the drug. Hence, inhalation is mostly associated with the high potential of abuse. There is also more reinforcing and intense pleasurable effect. This applies to whether one is inhaling smoke from the burning plant material or from heated oil within a vape pen. The issue of whether vaping is healthier than smoking the burning plant is still, surprisingly, controversial and unresolved.

Dissolving it in your mouth, under your tongue.

Sublingual administration refers to holding the drug inside the mouth to ensure the drug is absorbed into the mucosa which is well-vascularized under the tongue.  Absorption is rapid and directly flows into the superior vena cava. That’s a large vein that takes the drug first to the heart and then quickly into the brain. This process avoids what is called “first-pass metabolism” to increase its potency and effect.  One study compared the sublingual administration of THC and CBD. In spite of the equivalent amounts of CBD and THC (25 mg each) administration, concentrations of lower plasma of CBD were observed always. Therefore, if you are interested in the use of THC than CBD, you should use sublingual as an optimal administration method.

You can consume THC oil through edibles an enjoy a treat.

Oral administration, which includes ingesting CBD or THC extracted into oil and is suspended in food. Absorption from your gut can be improved slightly through dissolving the molecules in most other cooking oils or sesame oil.  The small amount of THC consumed will enter your blood circulation, this accesses your brain, following the oral administration. THC concentration in your blood reaches the peak in around 1−5 hours after the consumption THC of 20 mg in a brownie or cookie.

Rectal administration also know as an enema

Rectal administration, not the administration method likely to be most popular when you are interested in sharing the experience with a friend. However, this next statement may make you change your mind. The portion of the administered THC that does access your blood through the rectal route is twice the potency of the oral route. Mainly, due to higher absorption and lower first-pass metabolism by the liver.  Several dispensaries are offering rectal suppositories.

Apply it topically with a transdermal patch or by itself.

You can apply THC topically, however using a transdermal patch is more effective. When administering a THC dose by the use of the transdermal patch. Your blood level will peak at around 1.5 hours after, then remain stable and elevated for two days at least.  Transdermal patches are an optimal administration method reduction of chronic pain in the long-term.

what is thc

Finding the Right Dosage

Start with a small dose and work your way up.

If you are not sure of the amount of CBD oil you need to consume. Start with a few milligrams per dose then work your way up to the amount you need. CBD oil works best in small amounts and can have a reverse effect if too much is consumed. It is best to start with a small amount and test out with a more if necessary. Then adjust your dosage until you have figured out what is working for you.

Consume CBD oil only 3 times each day for best results.

The effects of CBD oils can last for only 4-12 hours. So, If you want to get the most out of the CBD oil, do the following. Take 3.3mg or the same dose that you’re comfortable with, 3 times throughout the course of the day and adjust accrodingly.

Find the right CBD to THC ratio for you.

Some people enjoy the high that THC offers, when others may feel undesirably “out of it,” they may use the products with substantial THC amounts. Since everyone is unique, there is no single ratio that works for everyone. Try experimenting with a few different ones until you feel that the product you’re using is working well and helping you. You can also choose a ratio based on what you’re hoping to achieve with the use of CBD oil.


In conclusion, CBD and THC have very different uses and effects on you. CBD however, has very little effect on a psychoactive level. Which makes it great for daily activities. Although smoking is the most popular way to use the two cannabinoids. Recently legalization has led to many ways and experiments of getting the chemical into our system. Finally, experiments are going to be the best way for you to find out what the right dosage is for you, since everyone is unique.

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